Foldable Perovskite Solar Cells Using Carbon Nanotube-Embedded Ultrathin Polyimide Conductor
Recently, foldable electronics technology has become the focus of both academic and industrial research. The foldable device technology is distinct from flexible technology, as foldable devices have to withstand severe mechanical stresses such as those caused by an extremely small bending radius of 0.5 mm. To realize foldable devices, transparent conductors must exhibit outstanding mechanical resilience, for which they must be micrometerthin, and the conducting material must be embedded into a substrate. Here, singlewalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs)？polyimide (PI) composite film with a thickness of 7 ？m is synthesized and used as a foldable transparent conductor in perovskite solar cells (PSCs). During the hightemperature curing of the CNTsembedded PI conductor, the CNTs are stably and strongly pdoped using MoOx, resulting in enhanced conductivity and hole transportability. The ultrathin foldable transparent conductor exhibits a sheet resistance of 82 Ω sq.？1 and transmittance of 80% at 700 nm, with a maximumpowerpointtrackingoutput of 15.2% when made into a foldable solar cell. The foldable solar cells can withstand more than 10 000 folding cycles with a folding radius of 0.5 mm. Such mechanically resilient PSCs are unprecedented; further, they exhibit the best performance among the carbonnanotubetransparentelectrodebased flexible solar cells.